أساليب تعليم مهارات الكلام في تعليم اللغة العربية (دراسة تحليلية على كتاب "العربية بين يديك")

Techniques for Teaching Speaking Skills in Teaching Arabic (Analysis of the Book of al-`Arabiyyah Baina Yadaik fī Ta`Līm al-Lugah al-`Arabiyyah lī Gairi al-Nāṭiqina Bihā)

  • Ronny Mahmuddin Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: textbook, education, skills, speech

Abstract

This study aims to describe the techniques of teaching speaking skills from the book of al-Arabiyyah Baina Yadaik fī Ta'līm al-Lugah al-Arabiyyah li Gairi al-Nātiqīna Bihā. This type of research is descriptive qualitative research using content analysis methods and literature study in data collection. The results of this study indicate that the book of al-Arabiyyah Baina Yadaika is a good textbook in presenting speaking skills teaching techniques for foreign speakers. This is found in the following points: (1) this book uses the technique of “Listening to the Text” using untranslated Arabic; (2) this book uses the “Understanding of the Text” technique to determine the extent to which students understand the text; (3) this book uses the technique of “Imitating and Repeating” in teaching speaking skills to form habits for learners in language; (4) this book uses the technique of "Teaching Letters Pronunciation" with its three elements in order to correctly pronounce letters and words; (5) this book uses the technique of “Picture Vocabulary Teaching” which aims to teach speaking skills by direct method; and (6) this book uses the “Communication” technique because the basic goal in language teaching is communication.

References

Arsyad, Azhar. Bahasa Arab dan Metode Pengajarannya. Cet. II; Jogjakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2004.

Fahim, Mansoor. dan Mastaneh Haghani, Sociocultural Perspectives on Foreign Language Learning. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol.3, No. 4 (Juli 20`12)

al-fauzān, ‘abdurraḥmān bin ibrāhīm. iḍā’āt li mu’allimi al-lugah al-‘arabiyyah ligairi al-nāṭiqīn bihā, al-ṭab’ah al-ūlā: al-riyāḍ: maktabah al-malik fahd al-waṭaniyyah, 1432.

al-fauzān, ‘abdurraḥmān bin ibrāhīm wa aṣdiqāuhu. Al-‘arabiyyah baina yadaik, al-ṭab’ah al-ṡāliṡah. Al-riyāḍ: al-‘arabiyyah lil jamī’, 1424.

Mardiyah, Tika. Problematika Pengajaran Bahasa Arab Di Madrasah Tsanawiyah Pesantren Sabilil Muttaqin Tulungagung. Jurnal Prespektive, Vol.X, No. 02 (2017).

Munir, Perencanaan Sistem Pengajaran Bahasa Arab. Cet. I; Jakarta: Kencana; 2017.

Nāqah, maḥmūd kāmil. Ta’līm al-lugah al-‘arabiyyah li al-nāṭiqīn bi lugāt ukhrā – asusuhu wa madākhiluhu wa ṭuruq tadrīsihi-, dūna al-ṭab’ah. Al-mamlakah al-‘arabiyyah al-su’ūdiyyah: jāmi’ah ummu al-qurā wizārah al-ta’ālīm al-‘ālī, 1405/1980

Nisa, Luthfi Farihatun, Bety Istif Fani dan Arya Wahyu Pratama. Kitab Turats Sebagai Solusi Efektifitas Pembelajaran Mata Kuliah Tarkib Ibtida’i di Jurusan Sastra Arab Universitas Negeri Malang. Prosiding. Vol. 4 (2020). http://prosiding.arab-um.com/index.php/semnasbama/article/view/618.

Sīnī, Maḥmūd Ismā’īl wa aṣdiqāuhu. Mursyid al-mu’allim fī tadrīs al-lugah al-‘arabiyyah ligairi al-nāṭiqīn bihā, al-ṭab’ah al-ṡāniyah. Al-riyāḍ: maktabah al-tarbiyah al-‘arabī li duwal al-khalīj, 1406.

Susanti, Reni Dwi. Studi Analisis Buku Ajar “Buku Teks Pelajaran” Pada mata Pelajaran Bahasa Arab di Kelas Tinggi Madrasah Ibtidaiah. Jurnal Arabia, Vol. 5 No. 2 (April- Desember 2013). https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Arabia/article/view/1389.

Wahida, Besse. Problematika Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab (Studi Kasus terhadap Problematika Metodologis Pembelajaran Bahasa Arab di IAIN Pontianak). Jurnal al-Astar STAI Mempawah, Vol. 7, No. 1 (2017).

Zainuri, Muhammad. Analisis Buku Ajar Belajar Membaca Kitab Kuning Metode Ibtida'i Karya Mujahidin Rohman. Jurnal Arabia, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2019. https://journal.iainkudus.ac.id/index.php/Arabia/article/view/5255.

Published
2022-10-13
Statistic
Viewed: 29
Downloaded: 20