Implementasi Kaidah “Lā Masāga li al-Ijtihād fī Maurid al-Naṣ” dalam Fikih Islam

Implementation of Rule “Lā Masāga li al-Iljtihād fī Maurid al-Naṣ” in Islamic Law

  • Jahada Mangka Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Andi Muh. Taqiyuddin BN Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin Makassar
  • Muh. Isra Syarif Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin Makassar
Keywords: Ijtihad, Islamic rule, Islamic Fiq, Nash.

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to describe, explain the meaning and veracity of the rules Lā Masāga Lilijtihād Fī Maurid al-Naṣ, and to explain how the implementation of the rules Lā Masāga Lilijtihād Fī Maurid al-Naṣ. This research is qualitative, the type of research is library research and uses a normative juridical approach. The data collection method used was a literature study. The results showed that; 1) 1. The rule Lā Masāga Lilijtihād Fī Maurid al-Naṣ has the meaning that it is not permissible to do ijtihad as long as there is a verse. And the function of fiqh rules, especially in this jurisprudence principle, is to explain that the law of fiqh functions to provide an interpretation of the text that it is not permissible to do ijtihad or seek the law of a problem as long as the problem is still explained in the law in the text. 2) The validity of the rules of Lā Masāga Lilijtihād Fī Maurid al-Naṣ is listed in the passages of the Koran and as-Sunnah, which explains about prioritizing the commands of Allah and His Messenger before taking other laws if there is no explanation in the Shari'a. 3) The implementation of the rules of Lā Masāga Lilijtihād Fī Maurid al-Naṣ (ijtihad is not allowed as long as nash is existing) is valid as long as it does not violate or contradict the nas, consensus, qiyas jaliy, the words of the 4 mazhab, and the judge's error in the legal outcome, cause, or method. So the implementation of this rule can be noticed in existing examples and this rule cannot always be implemented or implemented, because several things have been mentioned regarding the exceptions regarding this rule.

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Published
2021-04-20
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How to Cite
Mangka, J., Andi Muh. Taqiyuddin BN, & Muh. Isra Syarif. (2021). Implementasi Kaidah “Lā Masāga li al-Ijtihād fī Maurid al-Naṣ” dalam Fikih Islam. BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam , 2(1), 24-37. https://doi.org/10.36701/bustanul.v2i1.293