Peradilan Islam pada Masa Rasulullah dan Khulafaurasyidin: Studi Komparatif Peradilan Islam Era Klasik

Islamic Judgment in the Time of the Rasulullah and Khulafaurasyidin: A Comparisonal Study of Classical Islamic Judges

  • Awal Rifai Wahab Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Asni Asni Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin Makassar
  • Muh. Saleh Ridwan Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Alauddin Makassar
Keywords: Islam, khulafaurasyidin, judiciary, comparasion, history

Abstract

Justice is something that is upheld and continues to be fought for by all nations in their various stages of progress, because enforcing justice means ordering goodness and preventing the dangers of injustice, and in it there is an effort to make peace between people and save some of them from arbitrary behavior between one another. other. This study discusses the history of Islamic courts at the time of the Prophet Muhammad. and khulafaurasyidin with the aim of comparing the justice system between the two periods. This research is library research based on qualitative descriptive research method with historical and comparative approach. The results showed that the judiciary at the time of the Prophet. have similarities and differences from several sides with the judiciary during the khulafaurasyidin period, where this shows the development and progress of the judicial system from time to time and becomes a reference to the later judicial system. The implication of this research is how the phenomenon of society seems to have lost its substance in the field of justice, where the judiciary of the past was very effective with all its limitations and simplicity. As for now, although the judicial system looks sophisticated with all its developments, it has lost its substance. In addition, in the classical era, the capacity and integrity were also seen in the judges. Judges need to follow this example, not only in terms of their capacity, but also in terms of integrity

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Published
2022-04-05
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How to Cite
Awal Rifai Wahab, Asni, A., & Muh. Saleh Ridwan. (2022). Peradilan Islam pada Masa Rasulullah dan Khulafaurasyidin: Studi Komparatif Peradilan Islam Era Klasik. BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam , 3(1), 32-46. https://doi.org/10.36701/bustanul.v3i1.461