Bisnis Perjalanan Haji dan Umrah oleh Nonmuslim Menurut Tinjauan Hukum Islam

Business of Hajj and Umrah Travel by Non-Muslims According to Islamic Law Review

  • Laode Nursyah Dendi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Azwar Azwar Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Khaerul Aqbar Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
Keywords: hajj, umrah, travel, non-muslim business

Abstract

This study aims to determine the review of Islamic law on the management of hajj and umrah businesses by non-Muslims. This research is a descriptive library research, with a socio-historical approach and reconstructs istidlāl and legal istinbāt used by fiqh scholars. The results of the study show that: (1) the principles and laws of the origin of muamalah and interacting with non-Muslims are permissible as long as in terms of, boundaries and corridors of muamalah and are not included in the case of ritual worship, aqidah, and belief; (2) using Hajj and Umrah travel business services managed by non-Muslims is permissible because it is included in the muamalah al-ijārah/leasing area; (3) as a form of prudence, in using Hajj and Umrah business services managed by non-Muslims, it is necessary to pay attention to the following: non-Muslim services are used when there is no (found) Hajj and Umrah organization performed by Muslims, must be safe and not there is something that is detrimental to the Muslims, and there is no element of deviation from the creed of the Muslims; (4) with various considerations of the benefits and impacts that will be caused, it is recommended to Muslims to put the Muslims first in any case, including in using the services of business trips for Hajj and Umrah.

References

‘Abdurahman bin Bāz, Abdul ‘Aziz bin Abdullah. Majmū’ Fatāwā Wa Maqālāt Mutanawwi’ah. Juz 6 (t.Cet.; al-Mamlakah al-‘Arabiah al-Su’ūdiah, t.th.
Abubakar, Rifa’i. Pengantar Metodologi Penelitian. Cet I; Yogyakarta: SUKA-Press UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 2021.
al-Maqdisi, Ibnu Qudamah. Umdatul al-Fiqh. Maktabatul al-Asriah, 2004.
Amirin, Menyusun Rencana Penelitian. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 1995.
al-Bukhāri, Abū Abdullah Muḥammad bin Ismāīl bin al- Mugīrah bin Bardizba. Ṣaḥīḥ Bukhārī al-Jāmi’ al-Musnad al-Ṣaḥīḥ al-Mukhtaṣar min Umūri Rasūlillāh wa sunanihi wa Ayyāmihi. Juz 3. Cet. I; Dār al-Tūk al-Najāh, 1422.
Bungi, Burhan. Metodologi Penelitian Kuantitatif. t.Cet.; Jakarta: Kencana, 2006.
al-Damasqī, Abū Muḥammad Muwaqu al-Dīn Abdullah bin Aḥmad bin Muḥammad Ibnu Qudāmah al-Maqdisi al-Jamāīli. Al-Mugnī. Juz 3. Riyāḍ: Maktabah al-Riyāḍ al-Ḥadīṡah.
al-Dimasqī, Abū al-Fidā Imā’īl bin ‘Umar bin Kaṡīr al-Qursyī al-Basrī. Tafsīr al-Qur’an al-‘Azīm, Juz 2. Cet. II; t.t.p. Dār Ṭaibah Lilnasyar Wa al-Tauzi’, 1420 H/1999 M.
Farida, Anik, dkk. Dinamika Pelayanan Ibadah Haji di Indonesia. Cet. I, 2020.
al-Ḥarānī, Taqiuddin Abu al-‘Abbās Aḥmad bin ‘Abdulḥalīm bin Taimiyyah. Majmu al-Fatāwā, Juz 28.
Ḥasan bin Muḥammad Safar, Nazarāt Istisrāfiyah Fi Fiqhi al-‘Alaqāt al-Insāniyah Baina Muslimin Wa Gairi al-Muslimin (t.Cet. al-Su’udiah: al-Kitāb Mansyūrah ‘Alā Mawāqi’ Wizārah al-Auqāf al-Su’udiah, t.th.
al-Jauziyyah, Muhammad bin Bakar bin Ayyub bin Sa’ad Syamsuddin Ibn Qayyim. Aḥkām Ahl al-Zimmah. Juz I. Cet. I; Dammām: Maḥfūẓah Lilnāsyīr, 1418 H/ 1997 M.
Jamā’ah Min al-‘Ulamā. Al-Mausū’ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwatiyyah. Juz 19. Cet. II; Kuwait: Dār al-Salāsil, 1404 H.
Jannah, Rina Farihatul. “Kebijakan Penyelenggaraan Perjalanan Haji Indonesia Tahun 1945-2000 M”. Tesis. Surabaya: PPs UIN Sunan Ampel, 2018.
Kementrian Agama R.I., Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya. Cet; Semarang: PT. Karya Toha Putra,1441/2020.
M. Yusuf, Kadar. Tafsir Ayat Aḥkam; Tafsir Tematik Ayat Ayat Hukum, h. 138.
Majid, M. Dien. Berhaji Di Masa Kolonial. Jakarta: CV Sejahterah, t.tp.
Mukminin, Furqon. “Manajemen Pelayanan Biro Perjalanan Haji dan Umrah”. Skripsi. Semarang: Fak. Dakwah dan Komunikasi Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, 2015.
al-Naisaburi, Abū Ḥusain Muslim bin al- Ḥajāj bin Muslim al Qusyairi. Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim al-Musnad al-Saḥīḥ al-‘Adl ‘ani al-‘Adl ilā Rasūlillāhi, Juz 2. t. Cet; Beirūt: Dār Iḥya al-Turāṡ al-‘Arabī, 1431 H.
Putuhena, M. Shaleh. Historiografi Haji Indonesia. Cet. I. t.t.p. Lkis, 2007.
al-Sarakhsī, Muḥammad bin Aḥmad bin Abi Sahl Syamsuddīn. al-Mabsūt, Juz 15.
Sindonews.com. BCAP Rilis Pembiayaan Online Siap Haji, Hary Tanoesoedibjo: Beri Kemudahan, Kepastian Dan Kecepatan. http://ekbis.sindonews.com/read/362780/178/bcap-Rilis- Pembiayaan-Online-Siap-Haji-Hary-Tanoesoedibjo-Beri-Kemudahan-Kepastian-Kecepatan-1615554212showpage=all (24 Juli 2022).
Suaramerdeka.com. Daftar Tunggu Haji Tembus 45 Tahun Tercepat 9 Tahun. http://www.suaramerdeka. Com/nasional/pr-04421294/daftar-tunggu-haji-tembus 45 tahun- tercepat-45-tahun-tercepat-9-tahun (21 Juni 2021).
Sudarman. “Membangun Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Biro Perjalanan Haji Dan Umrah di Yogyakarta Menggunakan Metode Simple Additive Waigting”, Beranda 8, no. 1 (2017).
al-Syāfi, Aḥmad bin ‘Alī bin Ḥajar Abū al-Faḍal al-‘Asqalānī. Fathul al-Bārī Syarḥu Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhārī, Jus 5, h. 15.
al-Ṭabarī, Muḥammad bin Jarīr bin Yazīd bin Kaṡīr bin Gālib bin al-Āmalī Abu Ja’far. Tafsīr al-Ṭabarī. Juz 8, h. 594.
al-Tafsīr, Nukhbah Min Ustāzah. Al-Tafsīr al-Muyassar. Cet. II; al-Su’ūdiah: Majma’ al-Malik Fahd Liṭabā’ah al-Mushaf al-Syarīf, 1430 H/2009 M.
al-Ṭaiyār, Abdullah bin Muḥammad. al-Fiqhu al-Muyassar. Juz 6.
al-Ṭarīqī, ‘Abdullāh bin Ibrahīm. Al-Ta’āmilu Ma’a Gairi al-Muslimīn. Juz 1 (Cet. I; Riyāḍ: Dār al-Faḍīlah, 1428 H/2007 M.
al-Zuhailī, Wahbah. Al-Fiqh al-Islāmī wa Adillatuh. Juz 3. Cet.3; Dimsyiq: Dar al-Fikr, 1989.
Published
2022-09-09
Statistic
Viewed: 39
Downloaded: 30
How to Cite
Laode Nursyah Dendi, Azwar Azwar, and Khaerul Aqbar. 2022. “Bisnis Perjalanan Haji Dan Umrah Oleh Nonmuslim Menurut Tinjauan Hukum Islam ”. AL-QIBLAH: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Bahasa Arab 1 (1), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.36701/qiblah.v1i1.632.