Kritik Teologi Salafiyah Terhadap Ahli Kalam dalam Memahami Sifat-Sifat Allah

  • Muhammad Istiqamah Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
Keywords: Salafiyah, Al-Mutakallimun, Attributes of Allah

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the various interpretations of al-Mutakallimun on the attributes of Allah from the point of view of Salafiyah Theology, then the reasons behind the occurence of these interpretations as well as the Salafiyah Theological criticism against that understanding. The method used in this study was library research referring to classical and modern literature. The research conducted in this study shows that there are several Salafiyah Theological criticisms against these various interpretations of al-Mutakallimun on the attributes of Allah. Among other things, there is a fallacious perception that if one were to define the attributes of Allah in accordance with their meanings, one would fall on tasybih on those attibutes or on the consequences of those attribute. Therefore, some al-Mutakallimun find solutions in Tafwidh and Ta’wil, and claim that the two are the way to purify and glorify Allah. Besides, there is a mistake in understanding Arabic expressions according to the context.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

‘Atha’ Shufi, Abdul Qadir. (1439 H). Muqaddimat fi Al-Firaq wa Al-Iftiraq. Madinah Al-Munawwarah, Dar Al-Imam Muslim.

‘Atha’ Shufi, Abdul Qadir. (2018 M). Al-‘Asy’ariyah: Diktat Mata Kuliah Firaq di Universitas Islam Madinah. Madinah Munawwarah, Univ. Islam Madinah,

Abdul Akhir Al-Ghunaimi, (1415 H). Aqidat Al-Hafizh Ibn Katsir Baina Al-Tafwidh wa Al-Ta’wil. Dammam, Dar Al-Akhla’.

Abdul Aziz bin Baz. (1435 H). Ta’liqat Samahat Al-Sayikh Al-‘Allamah Abdil Aziz bin Baz ‘Ala Al-Risalah Al-Hamawiyah Al-Kubro. Riyadh, Muassasah Abdul Aziz bin Baz Al-Khairiyah.

Abdurrahman bin Ahmad Al-Iji. Al-Mawaqif fi ‘Ilm Al-Kalam. Beirut, ‘Alam Al-Kutub.

Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali. (1403 H). Al-Iqtishad fi Al-I’tiqad. Beirut, Dar Al-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali. (1405 H). Qawa’id Al-‘Aqa’id. Beirut, ‘Alam Al-Kutub.

Abu Ya’la, Muhammad bin Husain Ibn Al-Farra’. (1407 H). Ibthal Al-Ta’wilat Li Akhbar Al-Shifat. Kuwait, Dar Ilaf Al-Dauliyah.

Ahmad bin Hambal. (1424 H). Ar-Radd ‘Ala Al-Zanadiqah wa Al-Jahmiyah. Riyadh, Dar Al-Tsabat.

Ahmad Isa Al-Anshari. Syarah Umm Al-Barahin. Beirut, Al-Maktabah Al-Tsaqafiyah.

Al-Albani, Muhammad Nashiruddin. (1419 H). Shahih Sunan Al-Tirmidzi. Riyadh, Maktabah Al-Ma’arif.

Al-Baihaqi, Abu Bakar Ahmad bin Al-Husain bin Ali. Al-Asma’ wa Al-Shifat. Beirut, Dar Al-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiiyyah.

Al-Bukhari, Muhammad bin Ismail. (1417 H). Shahih Al-Bukhari. Riyadh, Dar Al-Salam.

Al-Busti, Muhammad bin Hibban. (1432 H). Shahih Ibnu Hibban. Beirut, Dar Ibnu Hazm.

Al-Buthi, Muhammad Sa’id Ramadhan. (1982). Kubra Al-Yaqiniyyat Al-Kauniyyah. Damaskus, Dar Al-Fikr.

Al-Dzahabi, Syamsuddin Muhammad bin Utsman. (1416 H). Al-‘Uluw Li Al-‘Aliy Al-Ghaffar fi Idhah Shahih Al-Akhbar min Saqimiha. Riyadh, Maktabah Adhwa’ Al-Salaf.

Al-Ghunaiman, Abdullah bin Muhammad. (1428 H).Syarah Kitab At-Tauhid min Shahih Al-Bukhari. Riyadh, Dar Al-‘Ashimah.

Al-Hamd, Muhammad bin Ibrahim. (1439 H).Rasail fil ‘Aqidah. Riyadh, Dar Ibnul Jauzi.

Al-Hilali, Taqiyuddin Ibn Abd Al-Qadir. (1427 H). Sabil Al-Rasyad fi Hadyi Khair Al-‘Ibad. Amman, Dar Al-Atsariyah.

Ali Amir, Jabir Idris. (1419 H). Manhaj Al-Salaf wa Al-Mutakallmin fi Muwafaqati Al-‘Aql li Al-Naql wa Atsaru Al-Manhajaini fi Al-‘Aqidah. Riyadh, Maktabah Adhwa’ As-Salaf.

Al-Naisaburi, Muslim bin Hajjaj. (1421 H). Shahih Muslim. Riyadh, Dar Al-Salam.

Al-Nashir Al-Rasyid, Abdul Aziz. (1416 H).At-Tanbihat Al-Saniyyah ‘Ala Al-‘Aqidah Al-Wasithiyyah. Riyadh, Dar Al-Rasyid.

Al-Qadhi Abdul Jabbar. (1416 H). Syarh Ushul Al-Khamsah. Cairo, Maktabah Wahbah.

Al-Sajistani, Sulaiman bin Asy’ats. (1417 H). Sunan Abi Dawud. Riyadh, Maktabah Al-Ma’arif.

Al-Sayyid Ali Al-Samarra’i, Thaha Khalid. ( t.th). Masa’il Al-Khilaf Baina Al-‘Asy’ariyyah wa Al-Maturidiyyah. Beirut, Dar Al-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Tharifi, Abdul Aziz bin Marzuq. (1437 H). Al-Khurrasaniyyah Fi Syarh ‘Aqidati Al-Raziyyain. Riyadh, Makbatah Dar Al-Minhaj.

Al-Tharifi, Abdul Aziz bin Marzuq. (1438 H). Al-Maghribiyah Fi Syarh Al-‘Aqidah Al-Qairawaniyyah. Riyadh, Maktabah Dar Al-Minhaj.

Al-Utsaimin, Muhammad bin Shalih. (1435 H).Al-Qawa’id Al-Mutsla fi Shifatillahi Ta’ala wa Asmaihi Al-Husna. Riyadh, Madar Al-Wathan.

Hasibuan, Hadi Rafitra. (2017). Aliran Asy’ariyah, Kajian Historis dan Pengaruh Aliran Kalam Asy’ariyah. Jurnal Al-Hadi, 2(2), 433-441.

Ibnu Abd Al-Barr. Jami’ Bayan Al-‘Ilm Wa Fadhlihi. Beirut, Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiyah.

Ibnu Jama’ah. (1410 H). Idhah Al-Dalil fi Qat’i Hujaji Ahl Al-Ta’thil. Cairo, Dar Al-Salam.

Ibnu Quddamah Al-Maqdisi. (1409 H). Itsbat Shifat Al-‘Uluw. Damaskus, Mu’assasah ‘Ulum Al-Qur’an.

Ibnu Taimiyah, Taqiyuddin Ahmad bin Abdul Hamid. (1402 H). Syarh Hadits Al-Nuzul. Beirut, Al-Maktab Al-Islami.

Ibnu Taimiyah, Taqiyuddin Ahmad bin Abdul Hamid. (1406 H). Minhaj As-Sunnah An-Nabawiyah. Riyadh, Univ. Islam Imam Muhammad bin Suud.

Ilhamuddin., & Ilhamy Nasution, Muhammad Lathief. (2017). Teologi Islam, Warisan Pemikir Muslim Klasik. Medan, Perdana Publishing.

Imam, Karim. (n.d.). Al-‘Asya’irah Su’al wa Jawab. Al-Manshurah – Mesir, Dar Al-Lu’lu’ah.

Iskandar, A., Aqbar, K. (2019). Reposisi Praktik Ekonomi Islam: Studi Kritis Praktik Ekonomi Islam di Indonesia. Nukhbatul ‘Ulum: Jurnal Bidang Kajian Islam, 5(1), 39-53.

Kementerian Agama. (2012). Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya. Depok, Sabiq.

Khalifah, Abdurrahman. (1420 H). Al-Musyabbihah wa Al-Mujassimah. Cairo, Al-Maktabah Al-Takhassusiyah li Al-Radd Ala Al-Wahhabiyah.

Kholilurrohman. (2018). Meluruskan Distorsi Dalam Ilmu Kalam. Tangerang, Nurul Hikmah Press.

Muhammad Ba’abdullah, Muhammad Bakarim. (1437 H). Wasathiyatu Ahlis Sunnah Baina Al-Firaq. Madinah, Maktabah Al-‘Ulum wa Al-Hikam.

Ulum, Bahrul. (2016). Dinamika Ilmu Kalam Sunni. Jurnal Pemikiran dan Pendidikan Islam El-Banat, 6(2), 143-154.

Published
2020-06-12
Statistic
Viewed: 29
Downloaded: 34
How to Cite
Muhammad Istiqamah. (2020). Kritik Teologi Salafiyah Terhadap Ahli Kalam dalam Memahami Sifat-Sifat Allah. NUKHBATUL ’ULUM: Jurnal Bidang Kajian Islam, 6(1), 77-104. https://doi.org/10.36701/nukhbah.v6i1.101