Metode Ijtihad Imam al-Syafi'i dalam Kitab al-Risalah
Al-Risālah is a frst book concerns in ushul fkh. This book is written by Imam al-Syāf’ī rh. and contains explainations on rules of islamic argumentation (istidlāl) from al-Qur’ān. Al-Risālah book has gotten the great credit of moslem schoolars up to nowdays, as it is not only a frst book in ushul fkh but it also contains various knowledges in many felds. Imam Syāf’ī ‘s view on ijtihād and its methodology are explained in this book. Imam Syāf’ī’s methods explained in this book are : Making all cases reference to al-Qur’ān, Ḥad Ḥ īṡ, Ijmā’, and the ṣah Ḥ ābah’s sayings and qiyās, determining a law by considering a substantial argumet, determining a law by considering the illat and reducing the arguments to the visible matters, and the truth is reverted to Allah.
Keyword : Ijtihād, Uṣūl al-Fiqh, Imam Syāf’ī