Al-Khawarij dan al-Murjiah, Sejarah dan Pokok Ajarannya
The emergence of diverse schools in Islam began with the assassination of Uṡman bin Aﬀan. These groups were basically one of the decline causes in the Moslem, and the frst emerging group among all other groups was Khawarij, a group with Takfr ideology that is to accuse great sinner of apostasy. This ideology is indeed an extreme one. However, another contradicted extreme group appeared that is known as Murji’ah with its doctrine believing that the sins will not give any inﬂuence towards the faith of a Moslem. Therefore, this study will illustrate the origins and the doctrines of both extreme groups, and among the results, it can be inferred that these groups continuously experienced internal conﬂicts since their early emergence during the reign of caliph Uṡman bin Aﬀan until the formation of various
sects of each groups.