Metode Pendidikan Akhlak untuk Sekolah Islam Perspektif Ibnu Abi al-Dunya dalam Kitab Makārimul Akhlāq

Methods of Moral Education for Islamic Schools from the Perspective of Ibnu Abi al-Dunya in the Book of Makārimul Akhlāq

  • Umar Bin Makka Lanye Universitas Ibn Khaldun Bogor
  • M. Amirullah Sekolah Tinggi Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan (STKIP) Muhammadiyah Barru
  • Aswar Aswar Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Muhammad Ammar Naufal Universitas Negeri Makassar
Keywords: Ibnu Abi al-Dunya, Makārimul Akhlāq, Moral Education, Islamic School

Abstract

The crisis of moral education is one of the causes of the decline of today's people. A solution is needed in the form of the implementation of the moral education methods in the Islamic schools in developing civilization and restoring the glory of the people. This study aims to determine the moral education methods in the Islamic schools and its relevance based on the perspective of Ibnu Abi al-Dunya in the book of Makārimul Akhlāq. The study used a qualitative research method with library research approach. Data analysis techniques used content analysis, descriptive, and inductive. The results showed that the methods of moral education from the perspective of Ibnu Abi al-Dunya included: qudwah, targīb and tasywīq methods, tarhīb, at-ta'awwud, naṣīḥah, and ḥiwār. The findings should be a concern for the educational process in the Islamic schools so that it can be implemented optimally and contribute in presenting reference materials to moral education methods that may be used in the Islamic schools.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ad-Dunya, Ibnu Abi. At-Tawâdhu Wa Al-Khumûl. Cairo: Dar Al-i`thisam, n.d.

———. Makarim Al-Akhlak. Cet. I. Cairo: Darul Qur`an, 1970.

Afifi, Muhammad Abdullah. An-Nazhariyah Al-Khulukiyah Inda Ibnu Taimiyah, 1988.

Al-Attâs, Syed M. Naquib. Islam and Secularisme. Edited by Dr.Khalif Muammar. Cet, II. Bandung: PIMPIN, n.d.

Al-Ghazâli, Abu Hamid Muhammad ibn Muhammad. Ihyâ Ulûmuddin. Cet. I. Beirut: Daar Ibnu Hazm, 2005.

Al-Najjâr, Zaghlul. Nazharat Fi Azamti At-Ta`lim Al-Mu`asir Wa Hululiha Al-Islamiyah. Mesir: Mathba`ah al-Madani, 2006.

Anggraeny, Devita Ayu. “Penikaman Berdarah Oleh Siswa Yang Menyebabkan Guru Meninggal Di Manado Ditinjau Dari Sudut Pandang Actus Humanus.” Madiun, 2019. doi:10.31227/osf.io/v87np.

Awaliyah, Tuti, and Nurzaman Nurzaman. “Konsep Pendidikan Akhlak Menurut Sa’id Hawwa.” Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Islam 6, no. 1 (2018): 23–38. doi:10.36667/jppi.v6i1.152.

Bachtiar, Fuad. “Kehidupan Sosial Remaja Pengguna Narkotika, Psikotropika Dan Zat Adiktif Di Surabaya.” Jurnal Sosiologi Dialektika 15, no. 1 (May 2020): 49. doi:10.20473/jsd.v15i1.2020.49-56.

Bahr, Al-Jahidzh Abu Utsman ibn Amru ibn. Tahdzibu Al-Akhlak. Cet. I. Thantha: Daru At-Thurats Li As-Shahabah, 1989.

Busroli, Ahmad. “Pendidikan Akhlak Ibnu Miskawaih Dan Imam Al-Ghazali Dan Relevansinya Dengan Pendidikan Karakter Di Indonesia.” AT-Tarbiyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 10, no. 2 (2013): 71–94. doi:https://doi.org/10.15548/attarbiyah.v10i2.1123.

Fauzi, Imron. “Dinamika Kekerasan Antara Guru Dan Siswa (Studi Fenomenologi Tentang Resistensi Antara Perlindungan Guru Dan Perlindungan Anak).” Jurnal TARBIYATUNA 10, no. 2 (2017): 40–69.

Hand, Michael. A Theory of Moral Education. London: Routledge, 2017.

Junaedi, Mahfud, and Fatah Syukur. “Moral Education in Japanese Schools a Model for Improving Character Education in Indonesia.” Analisa: Journal of Social Science and Religion 2, no. 01 (2017): 23–40.

Luthfi, Khabib. Masyarakat Indonesia Dan Tanggung Jawab Moralitas. Guepedia, 2018.
Makmudi, Makmudi, Ahmad Tafsir, Ending Bahruddin, and Akhmad Alim. “Pendidikan Jiwa Perspektif Ibn Qayyim Al-Jauziyyah.” Ta’dibuna: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam 7, no. 1 (2018): 42–60.

Manado.tribunnews.com. “Viral Video Detik-Detik Sebelum Siswa Bunuh Guru Acuhkan Guru Dan Malah Memaki Sang Guru,” 2019.

Meivawati, Eli, Badrun Kartowagiran, and Tin Rustini. “Evaluation of Character and Moral Education in Elementary School.” The Online Journal of New Horizons in Education 8, no. 4 (2018): 63–72.

Miskawaih, Ibnu. Tahdzibu Al-Akhlak Wa Tathiru Al-A`raq. Cet. I. Cairo: Maktabah At-Tsaqafah Ad-Diniyah, n.d.

Muhidin, Ihsan, and Ulil Amri Syafri. “Metode Pendidikan Akhlak Dalam Kitab Adab Al-Mufrad Karya Imam Bukhari.” Misykat Al-Anwar 1, no. 2 (2016): 182–92.

Nishino, Mayumi. “The Challenge of Developing Meaningful Curriculum Initiatives for Moral Education in Japan.” Journal of Moral Education 46, no. 1 (2017): 46–57.

Rachman, M Fauzi. Islamic Teen Parenting. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2014.

Rodhiyah, Siti Chusnit Tamamir, Moh Aan Khunaifi, and Denny Oktavina Radianto. “Akhlak Guru Dan Penerapannya Dalam Pembelajaran Di Pesantren Menurut Kitab Adab Ad-Dunya Wa Ad-Diin.” Panangkaran: Jurnal Penelitian Agama Dan Masyarakat 5, no. 1 (2021): 64–85.

Saraswatia, Gita Kania, Zulpahiyana Zulpahiyana, and Siti Arifah. “Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Konsep Diri Remaja Di SMPN 13 Yogyakarta.” Jurnal Ners Dan Kebidanan Indonesia 3, no. 1 (2016): 33–38. doi:10.21927/jnki.2015.3(1).33-38.

Siregar, Raja Adil. “Ini Tampang Eks Murid Yang Perkosa Dan Bunuh Guru SD Di Sumsel,” July 10, 2020. https://news.detik.com/berita/d-5087515/ini-tampang-eks-murid-yang-perkosa-dan-bunuh-guru-sd-di-sumsel?utm_source=copy_url&utm_campaign=detikcomsocmed&utm_medium=btn&utm_content=news.

Sulisrudatin, Nunuk. “Kasus Begal Motor Sebagai Bentuk Kriminalitas.” Jurnal Mitra Manajemen 7, no. 2 (2015): 57.

Sumara, D; Humaedi, S; Santoso, M. D. “Kenalakan Remaja Dan Penanganannya.” In Prosiding Penelitiang Dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 4:129–389, 2017.

Valentino, Yohanes. “Pemerkosaan Antara Pelajar Di Kabupaten Sintang Di Tinjau Dari Sudut Kriminologi.” GLORIA YURIS JURNAL HUKUM 5, no. 1 (2016).

Wolajan, Finneke. “VIRAL Video Detik-Detik Sebelum Siswa Bunuh Guru, Acuhkan Teguran Dan Malah Memaki Sang Guru,” November 19, 2019. https://manado.tribunnews.com/2019/11/19/viral-video-detik-detik-sebelum-siswa-bunuh-guru-acuhkan-teguran-dan-malah-memaki-sang-guru.
Published
2021-12-10
Statistic
Viewed: 413
Downloaded: 510
How to Cite
Umar Bin Makka Lanye, M. Amirullah, Aswar, A., & Muhammad Ammar Naufal. (2021). Metode Pendidikan Akhlak untuk Sekolah Islam Perspektif Ibnu Abi al-Dunya dalam Kitab Makārimul Akhlāq. NUKHBATUL ’ULUM: Jurnal Bidang Kajian Islam, 7(2), 159-177. https://doi.org/10.36701/nukhbah.v7i2.405

Most read articles by the same author(s)