Hukum Fidyah bagi Wanita yang Memakai Masker Saat Ihram pada Masa Pandemi (Analisis Fatwa Majelis Ulama IndonesiaNo. 3 Tahun 2020)

Fidyah Law for Women Who Wear Mask During Ihram in Pandemic (Analysis of Fatwa of Indonesian Ulama Council No. 3 of 2020)

  • Natasha Rizqi Arifah Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar, Indonesia
  • Rachmat bin Badani Tempo Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar, Indonesia
  • Rahmayani Lancang Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: fidyah, ihram, pandemic, haji

Abstract

This study aims to find out and understand the considerations and decisions of the Indonesian Ulama Council (MUI) regarding wearing masks during ihram related to the fidyah law for women on this issue. This research uses descriptive qualitative research which refers to qualitative data described descriptively. By using normative, phenomenological, and conceptual approaches. The results of the research found are as follows: First, fidyah is a ransom or a substitute for a lack of worship, either because it leaves the obligation in worship or has committed violations in it which are specifically committed during fasting and pilgrimage. Second, amid the outbreak of the Covid 19 outbreak and in order to maintain the health of the pilgrims and prevent transmission of the disease, the MUI issued a fatwa that it is permissible for women to wear face coverings or masks when in an emergency or urgent need such as transmission of dangerous diseases which if they do not wear masks can exacerbate health conditions. Third, according to Nawawi, although women are prohibited from covering their faces, it is permissible for them to cover their faces from the heat of the sun, cold weather, fear of slander by wearing underwear or (clothing) that is light, because a woman's private parts are all over her body except her face and palms. For women who do this because of an emergency, they are subject to fidyah to complete their pilgrimage.

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Published
2023-06-16
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How to Cite
Natasha Rizqi Arifah, Rachmat bin Badani Tempo, and Rahmayani Lancang. 2023. “Hukum Fidyah Bagi Wanita Yang Memakai Masker Saat Ihram Pada Masa Pandemi (Analisis Fatwa Majelis Ulama IndonesiaNo. 3 Tahun 2020) ”. AL-QIBLAH: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Bahasa Arab 2 (2), 113-32. https://doi.org/10.36701/qiblah.v2i2.899.