Penerapan Mumāṡalah dalam Hukuman Kisas (Studi Komparasi Mazhab Syafii dan Hambali)

Application of Mumāṡalah in Qiṣāṣ Punishment (Comparative Study of the Schools of Shafii and Hambali)

  • Muh Syahrul Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Rapung Rapung Universitas Muhammadiyah (Unismuh) Makassar, Indonesia
  • Irsyad Rafi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA), Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: Qiṣāṣ, Mumāṡalah, Comparative, Shafii, Hambali

Abstract

This study aims to find out how the concept of mumasalah in Islamic jurisprudence, as well as to find out more about the differences in opinions of the Shafii and Hambali schools regarding mumasalah in the punishment of kisas. The type of research used is qualitative descriptive research using library research methods and supported by comparative approach methods. From the results of this research, it was found that mumasalah in Islamic jurisprudence is a matter recognized by the Shari'a, it can even be said to be the original law of practical Islamic laws, especially the laws required of equality. The Shafii School prefers to apply mumasalah in the punishment of kisas, because they see it as more about justice for the victim's guardian, and more to ease their anger over the treatment or way the perpetrator killed the victim. The Hambali school is more inclined to apply kisas using swords

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Jurnal Ilmiah:

Anisa, Siti. “Penerapan Hukum Qishash untuk Menegakkan Keadilan”, Journal of Islamic Law Studies (JILS) 1, no. 2 (2018): h. 98-109.
Batubara, Chuzaimah. “Qisas: Hukuman Mati dalam Perspektif Al-Quran”, MIQOT 34, no. 2 (2010): h. 207-228.
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Hadana, Erha Saufan. “Eksekusi Hukuman Qisas antara Teori dan Implementasi (Studi Komparasi Mazhab Hanafi dan Mazhab Syafii)”, Dusturiyah 11, no. 1 (2021): h. 93-103.
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Nur, Muh Tahmid. ”Kontekstualisasi Keadilan dalam Hukum Qisas”. Repository IAIN Palopo 4, no. 1 (2018): h. 2-18.
Pransiska, Tono. ”Meneropong Wajah Studi Islam dalam Kacamata Filsafat: Sebuah Pendekatan Alternatif”, Intizar 23, no. 1 (2017): h. 165-182.

Disertasi, Tesis, dan Skripsi:

Asiyatun, “Metode Istinbath Hukum Imam Syafi’i tentang Qishash Tindak Pidana Penganiayaan yang Menimbulkan Infeksi dan Berakibat Kematian”, Skripsi. Semarang: Fak. Syariah dan Hukum UIN Walisongo, 2020.

Situs dan Sumber Online:

Ibn Baz, “al-Hukm ‘Ala> H{adi>s}: La> Qawada Illa> bi al-Saif”, official website of ibn Baz, https://ibnbaz.org.sa/fatwas/5321/ الحكم-على-حديث-لا-قود-الا-بالسيف (13 Juni 2023).
Published
2023-07-10
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How to Cite
Syahrul, Muh, Rapung Rapung, and Irsyad Rafi. 2023. “Penerapan Mumāṡalah Dalam Hukuman Kisas (Studi Komparasi Mazhab Syafii Dan Hambali)”. AL-QIBLAH: Jurnal Studi Islam Dan Bahasa Arab 2 (3), 275-300. https://doi.org/10.36701/qiblah.v2i3.989.