Kriteria al-Gārimīn sebagai Mustahik Zakat dalam Perspektif Fikih Islam

Al-Gārimīn Criteria as Mustahik of Zakat in the Islamic Jurisprudence Perspective

  • Ahmad Syaripudin Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Hijrayanti Sari Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Kurnaemi Anita Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Nur Sri Reski Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
Keywords: al-gārimīn, mustahik, zakat, jurisprudence, Islam

Abstract

This research aimed to find out the specifications of al-gārimīn referred to in the propositions on mustahik zakat and the perspective of Islamic jurisprudence on the criteria of al-gārimīn entitled to zakat. This research was qualitative research with a normative juridical approach. The results of the study showed that al-gārimīn belongs to one of the groups of people who are entitled to zakat or called mustahik of zakat. Scholars define it as a person who is in debt. There are gārim who owe for the benefit of themselves and their families, some who owe for the benefit of others such as reconciling two disputing groups. In the perspective of Islamic jurisprudency, gārim who are entitled to a share of zakat are those who meet the following criteria: Muslims; not ahlu bait; not a person who deliberately owes with the aim that gets a share of zakat; owed not in order to be maximal; the debt must be repaid immediately, not debt that is still pending to be repaid for several more years unless the debt must be repaid that year; has no savings to pay off his debts; owes to meet basic needs; not from muzakki dependents. The amount of zakat given to al-gārimīn is as much as the debt that must be repaid.

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2021-08-18
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How to Cite
Ahmad Syaripudin, Hijrayanti Sari, Anita, K., & Nur Sri Reski. (2021). Kriteria al-Gārimīn sebagai Mustahik Zakat dalam Perspektif Fikih Islam. BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam , 2(2), 271-286. https://doi.org/10.36701/bustanul.v2i2.380