Implementasi Kaidah al-‘Ādah Muḥakkamah terhadap Potodenako (Adat Kawin Lari) pada Masyarakat Wakatobi

Implementation of al-‘Ādah Muḥakkamah Principles of Potodenako (Tradition of Running Marriage) in the Wakatobi Community

  • Ahmad Syaripudin Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Fadhlan Akbar Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
  • Aksan Ghazali Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar
Keywords: Potodenako, tradition, al-‘Ādah Muḥakkamah

Abstract

This study aims to find out the problems of shaving hair for babies at the time of aqeekah among the scholars, as well as to find out the views of the Imam Aḥmad bin Hanbal school and its legal isntinbat method in the issue of shaving hair for baby girls in aqeekah. This research is a type of descriptive literature research, which focuses on the study of text manuscripts, using a normative juridical approach. As for the results of the research that scholars have different opinions regarding the law of aqeekah, some say that it is sunnah muakkadah and some say that it is obligatory, in the implementation of aqeekah it is sunnah to perform all rituals of aqeekah. As for the wisdom, it is prescribed for aqikah that there are many benefits, as a form of gratitude to Allah swt, the conditions for akikah are the same as those for qurban and there is no difference of opinion on this matter. In the istinbat method, Imām Aḥmad bin anbāl from the prophet's hadith as well as the opinion of scholars, it is seen that shaving the hair on babies is only for male babies, so that female babies are not included in the order, so they are judged differently from the law for male babies. Regarding this, the opinion of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal views that it is makruh to shave a baby girl's hair

References

Abdillah Mustari. Reinterpretasi Konsep-Konsep Hukum Perkawinan Islam. 1st ed. Makassar: Alauddin Universeri Press, 2011.

Abu Abdullah Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Hanbal. Musnad Imam Ahmad. 1st ed. Beirut: Alam al-Kutub, 1998.

Admin. “Gambaran Umum Kabupaten Wakatobi,” 2012. https://wakatobikab.go.id.

Al-Bukhari, Abu Abdillah Muhammad bin Ismail. Sohih Bukhari. 1st ed. Darr Thauq An-Najah, 2001.

Aldi Andhika Idhas, Mario. “POTODENAKO: FENOMENA TENTANG KAWIN LARI DI PULAU WANGI-WANGI KABUPAEN WAKATOBI.” Predestinasi 14, no. 1 (2021): 7–15. doi:10.26858/predestinasi.v14i1.21582.

Alfia, Yaya, Suriani Bt Tolo, and La Ode Munawir. “Perspektif Hukum Adat Kawin Lari (Silayyang) Suku Bajau Di Desa La Gasa Kabupaten Muna.” Jurnal Hukum 37, no. 1 (2021): 24. doi:10.26532/jh.v37i1.15706.

Amir Syarifuddin. Usul Fikih. Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu, 2000.

Ariawan, Gede Adi Puspa, Ketut Sudiatmaka, and Ni Ketut Sari Adnyani. “Hukum Adat Kawin Lari Dalam Perpektif UU No . 1 Tahun ( Studi Kasus Di Desa Pakraman Pedawa Kecematen Banjar Kabupaten Buleleng).” Jurnal Komunitas Yustisia 1, no. 3 (2018). https://doi.org/10.23887/jatayu.v1i3.28744%0A.

Depertemen Agama RI, Al-Qur’an Dan Terjemahannya (Edisi Penyempurnaan). Jakarta: Lajnah Pentashih Mushaf Al-Qur’an Kemenag RI, 2020.

Diah Eka Novia Susanti. “Tradisi Kawin Lari Dalam Perkawinan Adat Di Desa Ketapang Kecamatan Sungkai Selatan Kabupatenn Lampung Utara Propinsi Lampung Dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam.” Salatiga: PPs. STAIN Salatiga, 2003.

Djalil, A. Basiq. Ilmu Usul Fikih. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2010.

Dzauli. Kaidah-Kaidah Fikih: Kaidah-Kaidah Hukum Islam Dalam Menyelesaikan Masalah-Masalah Yang Praktis. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2007.

Hilman Hadikusuma. Hukum Perkawinan Adat. 2nd ed. Bandung: Alumni, 1983.

Ibrahim Ibn Musa Al-Shathibi. Al-Muwafaqat Fi Usul Al-Ahkam. 2nd ed. Beirut: Daral-Fikr, n.d.

Laode Ugu (47). “Imam Mesjid Nurul Yaqin Desa Mandati, Wawancara, Kecamatan Wangi-Wangi Selatan, 11 Juni 2021.,” n.d.

M. Idris Ramulyo. Beberapa Masalah Tentang Hukum Acara Pradata Peradilan Agama Dan Hukum Perkawinan Islam. 3rd ed. Jakarta: Ind-Hill Co, 1985.

Makki, Hud Leo Perkasa. “Analisis Hukum Islam Terhadap Uang Jujur (Jojokh) Dalam Perkawinan Adat Lampung Pesisir.” Adzkiya : Jurnal Hukum Dan Ekonomi Syariah 5, no. 1 (2017): 107. doi:10.32332/adzkiya.v5i1.1007.

Mohammad Daud Ali. Pengantar Ilmu Hukum Dan Tata Hukum Di Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada, 2022.

Nada Obei. “Penghulu Desa Wungka, Wawancara, Kecamatan Wangi-Wangi Selatan, 12 Juni 2021.,” n.d.

Nilawati, Hamuni, Nerlin. “KAWIN LARI BERSAMA (POFELEI AO) PADA MASYARAKAT ADAT BUTON (STUDI DI KELURAHAN GU TIMUR KECAMATAN LAKUDO KABUPATEN BUTON TENGAH).” SELAMI IPS 12 (2019): 571–79. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.36709/selami.v12i2.10847.

Ningsih, Ika et.al. “Perkawinan Munik (Kawin Lari) Pada Suku Gayo Di Kecamatan Atu Lntang Kabupaten Aceh Tengah.” Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan 1, no. 1 (2016): 110–19.

Rahmad Dahlan. Usul Fikih. Jakarta: Amzah, 2010.

Saiful Jazil. Al-Adah Muḥakkamah ‘Adah Dan ‘Urf Sebagai Metode Istinbat Hukum Islam. Surabaya: FTK UIN Sunan Ampel, 2015.

Sarimun (45). “Ketua DPD Wahdah Islamiyah Wakatobi, Wawancara, Kecamatan Wangi-Wangi Selatan, 13 Juni 2021.,” n.d.

Susi Susanti. “Implementasi Kaidah Al-’Adatu Muḥakkamah Pada Tradisi Marosok Dalam Akad Jual Beli Di Pasar Ternak Nagari Palangki Kecamatan IV Nagari Kabupatenn Sijunjung Provinsi Sumatera Barat.” UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Pekanbaru-Riau, 2020.

Susiati. “Dialektometri Segitiga:Hubungan Kekerabatan Bahasa Di Sulawesi Tenggara (Bahasa Wakatobi, Bahasa Cia-Cia, Bahasa Pancana, Bahasa Kioko, Bahasa Tolaki, 2020,” 2020. https://www.researchgate.net/.

Syaripudin, Ahmad, Awal Rifai Wahab, and Muzanni. “Tinjauan Hukum Islam Terhadap Perkawinan Merariq Perempuan Bangsaw.an (Menak) Dengan Lak-Laki Bukan Bangsaw.an (Jajar Karang) Menurut Hukum Adat Sasak (Studi Kasus Desa Penujak Kabupaten Lombok Tengah).” BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Hukum Islam 3, no. 2 (2022): 144–55. doi:https://doi.org/10.36701/bustanul.v3i2.578.

Tim Prima Pena. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PN. Gitamedia Press, 2004.

Zulyaqin (49). “Kepala Urusan Agama KUA Wangi-Wangi Selatan, Wawancara, Kecamatan Wangi-Wangi Selatan, 11 Juni 2021.,” n.d.

Published
2023-03-23
Statistic
Viewed: 51
Downloaded: 73
How to Cite
Ahmad Syaripudin, Fadhlan Akbar, & Aksan Ghazali. (2023). Implementasi Kaidah al-‘Ādah Muḥakkamah terhadap Potodenako (Adat Kawin Lari) pada Masyarakat Wakatobi. BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam , 4(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.36701/bustanul.v4i1.858

Most read articles by the same author(s)