Keabsahan Jenis Hewan Kurban Menurut Perspektif Imam Syāfi’ī dan Imam Ibnu Ḥazm

The Legality of Types of Sacrificial Animals According to the Perspective of Imam Syāfi’ī and Imam Ibnu Ḥazm

  • Ahmad Syaripudin STIBA Makassar
  • Sirajuddin Sirajuddin Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar, Indonesia
  • Sudarwan Sudarwan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar, Indonesia
Keywords: legitimacy, sacrificial animals, perspective, Imam Syāfi’ī, Imam Ibn Ḥazm

Abstract

This study aims to determine the validity of the types of sacrificial animals from the perspective of Imam Syāfi’ī Imam and Imam Ibnu Ḥazm. The issues raised in this research are; the perspective of Imam Syāfi’ī and Imam Ibnu Ḥazm on the validity of the types of sacrificial animals and their argumentative basis. This type of research is descriptive qualitative using a literature review method focusing on manuscript studies, with a comparative study approach method. The results of this study are as follows: First, Imam Syāfi’ī's perspective regarding the validity of the types of sacrificial animals that are legally used as sacrificial animals is only Bahīmah al-'An'ām as for animals that are other than illegal as sacrificial animals. As for the perspective of Imam Ibnu Ḥazm regarding the validity of sacrificial animals that are legally used as sacrificial animals, they are any type of animal whose meat is halal, whether it has four legs or two legs. Second, Imam Syāfi’ī and Imam Ibnu Ḥazm have the same perspective that Bahīmah al-'An'ām is legally used as a sacrificial animal. However, Imam Syāfi’ī and Imam Ibn Ḥazm have different perspectives other than that Bahīmah al-'An'ām is legal or illegal to be used as a sacrificial animal; the main argumentative foundation of Imam Syāfi’ī is. Q.S. Al-Hajj/22: 34. Meanwhile, the argumentative basis of Imam Ibn Ḥazm's argument was narrated from Abdullah bin Abbas and Bilal bin Rabbah.

Author Biography

Sudarwan Sudarwan, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Islam dan Bahasa Arab (STIBA) Makassar, Indonesia

 

 

 

References

Afānah, Ḥisāmuddīn ibn Musā Muhammad ibn. Al-Mufaṣṣal fī Ahkām al-Udhiyyah. Cet. II; Bairut: 1421 H.

Abū ’Abdillah Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad ibn Abī Bakr ibn Farh al-Anṣār al-Khazrajī Syamsul al-Dīn al-Qurṭubī. Tafsīr al-Qurtubī. Cet. II; al-Qāhirah: Dār al-Kutub al-Misriyyah, 1384 H/1964 M.

Abū ʿAbdullah Muḥammad Ibn ʿIsmāʿīl al-Bukhārī al-Ju’fī. Ṣaḥiḥ al-Bukhārī. Cet. V; Damasyqa: Dār Ibn Kasīr, Dār al-Yamāmah . 1414 H/1993 M.

Al-Andalusi, ’Ali ibn Aḥmad ibn Sa’īd ibn Ḥazm. Al-Nabzah al-Kafiyah fī Aḥkām Uṣūl al-Dīn. Cet. I; Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyyah, 1405 H.

Al-Andalūsī, ’Ali ibn Aḥmād ibn Sa’īd ibn Ḥazm. Al-Iḥkām fī Uṣūl al-Aḥkām. Cet.; Beirūt: Dār al-Āfāq al-Jadīdah.

Al-Andalusī, Abū Muḥammad ’Alī ibn Aḥmad ibn Sa’īd ibn Ḥazm. Al-Muḥallā bi al-Āṡār. Beirūt: Dār al-Fikr, 1431 H.

Al-Aqil, Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab. Biografi Imam al-Syāfi’ī. Cet. I; Jakarta: Pustaka Imam al-Syāfi’ī, 2005.

Al-Aṣfahānī, Aḥmad ibn ’Abdullah. Ḥilyah al-Auliyā fī Tabaqāt al-Asfiyā. Beirūt: Dār al-Fikr, 1996.

Al-Asqalānī, Aḥmad ibn ’Alī ibn Ḥajar. Tawālī al-Ta’sis. Cet. I; Beirūt: Dār al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyyah, 1986.

Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan, Kebudayaan, Riset, dan Teknologi Republik Indonesia. “KBBI Daring,” 2016. https://kbbi.kemdikbud.go.id/entri/keabsahan. (08 Desember 2022).

Al-Baghdādī, Aḥmad ibn ’Alī al-Khaṭīb. Tārīkh Baghdād wa Madīnah al-Islamī.

Al-Damašqī, Abū al-Fidāʾ Ismāʿīl Ibn ʿAmar Ibn Kasīr al-Qurašī al-Buṣrā. Tafsīr Al-Qur’ān al-’Āẓīm. Cet. II: Dār Ṭaibah li al-Našr wa al-Tauzīʾ, 1420 H/1999 M.

Ibn Manzûr, Lisân al-‘Arab, (Beirut: Dâr Sâdir, t.th.)

Al-Imām Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal. Musnad Al-Imām Aḥmad Ibn Ḥanbal. Cet. I; Muassasah al-Risālah, 1421 H/2001 M.

Al-Jauziyah, Abū ’Abdillah Muhammad ibn Abī Bakr ibn Ayyūb ibn Qoyyim. Zādu al-Ma’ād fī Hadyi Khair al-’Ibād. Cet. III; Beirūt.: Dār ibn Ḥazm, 1440 H/2019 M.

Al-Jazīrī, Abdurrahmān ibn Muẖammad ’Aud. Al-Fiqhu ’alā al-Maḏāhibi al-Arba’ah. Cet II; Beirūt- Libanun: Dār al-Kutub al-’Alamiyyah.

Al-Naisābūrī, Abū al-Ḥasān Muslim ibn al-Ḥajjāj al-Qasyīrī. Ṣaḥīẖ Muslim. Al-Qāhirah: Maṭba’ah ’Isā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī wa Syurakāhu, 1374 M/1955 H.

Al-Nawawī, Abū Zakariyyā Maḥīyuddīn ibn Syarfi. Al-Majmū’ Syarhu al-Muhazzab. Al-Qāhirah: Maṭba’ah al-Taḍāmun al-Akhwī, 1344 H.

Al-Qurṭūbī, Yūsuf ibn ’Abdil al-Barr. Al-Intiqā’ fī Faḍāil al-Salasah al-Aimmah al-Fuqahā. Kairo: Maktabah al-Quds, 1931.

Al-Sa’dī, ’Abdurahmān ibn nāṣir ibn ’Abdillah. Taisīr al-Karīm al-Rahmān fī Tafsīr Kalām al-Mannān. Muassasah al-Risālah, 1420 h/ 2000 M.

Al-Sadlān, Ṣālih ibn Ġānam ibn ’Abdillah ibn Sulaimān ibn ’Alī. Risālah fī al-Fiqh al-Muyassar. Cet. I; Wazārah al-Syuūn al-Islāmiyyah wa al-Auqāf wa al-Da’wah wa al-Irsyād (al-Mamlakah al-’Arabiyyah al-Sa’ūdiyyah), 1425 H.

Al-Syāfi’ī, Abū ’Abdillah Muẖammad ibn Idrīs. Al-Umm. Cet. II; Beirūt: Dār al-Fikr, 1983 M/ 1403 H.

Al-Syāfi’ī, Muḥammad ibn Idrīs. Al-Risālah. Cet I; Miṣr: Musṭafā al-Bābī al-Ḥalabī wa Aulād, 1357 H/ 1938 M.

Al-Tālibī, ’Abdu al-Manān. Al-Masāil al-Jaliyyah fī Ahkām al-Uḍḥiyyah. 1442 M.

Al-Tirmizī, Muhammad ibn ’Isā. Sunan al-Tirmizī. Cet. II; Miṣr: Syarikah Maktabah wa Maṭba’ah Musṭafā al-Bābī al-Halabī, 1395 H/1975 M.

’Utaimīn, Muhammad Ibn Ṣālih Ibn. Mukhtaṣar Ahkām al-Aḍhiyyah wa al-Zakāh. 1431 M.

’Uwais, ’Abdulhalīm. Ibn Ḥazm al-Andulusī wa Juḥūduhu fi al-Bahsi al-Tārīkhī al-Ḥadārī. Cet, II; al-Qāhirah: Al-Zahrā li I’lām al-’Arābī, 1409 H/1988 M.

Al-’Usaimīn, Muḥammad ibn Ṣālih. Al-Syarh al-Mumti’ 'Alā Zādi al-Mustaqni' Cet I: Dār ibn al-Jauzī, 1422-1328 H.

Al-’Usaimīn, Muhammad ibn Ṣālih ibn Muhammad. Ahkām al-Uḍḥiyyah wa al-Zakāh. Cet. I; Makkah al-Mukarramah: Dār al-Siqah li al-Nasyar wa al-Tauzī’, 1142 H/1992 M.

Al-’Usaimīn, Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ ibn Muẖammad. Uṣūl fī al-Tafsīr. Cet, I: Al-Maktabah al-Islāmiyyah, 1422 H/2001 M.

Al-Zahabi, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Usmān. Siyar A’lām al-Nubalā.

Alwi, Rahman. Metode Ijtihad Mazhab al-Ẓāhirī. Jakarta: Gaung persada press, 2005 M.

Himāyah, Maḥmūd ’Ali. Ibnu Ḥazm wa Manhajuh fī Dirāsah al-Adyān. Jakarta: Lentera Basritama, 2001.

Kementrian Agama Republik Indonesia. Al-Quran dan Terjemah. Cet I: Jakarta: Kementrian Agama RI, 2019.

Lukman, Abu Aniisah Syahrul Fatwa bin. Fikih Praktis Ibadah Kurban Berdasarkan Al-Qur’an dan al-Sunah. Bekasi: Pustaka Syahrul Fatwa.

Musṭafā al-Jin, Musṭafā al-Bughā, ’Alī al-Syarbijī. Al-Fiqh al-Manhajī ’alā Mazhab al-Imām al-Syafi’ī. Cet II; Damasqa: Dār al-Qalām li al-Ṭabā’ah wa al-Nasyr wa al-Tauzī’. 1992 M/ 1413 H.

Nasional, Departemen Pendidikan. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia Pusat Bahasa. 4th ed. Cet IV: Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. 2014.

Nasir, Mohammad. Metode Penelitian Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif. Cet. III; Bandung: Erlangga, 2012.

Noor, Juliansyah. Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Grup, 2011.

Sālim, Mālik kamāl ibn al-Sayyid. Ṣahīh Fiqh al-Sunah wa Adillatuhu wa Tauḍīḥ Mazahib al-Aimmah. Cet. I; Al-Qāhirah: Al-Maktabah al-Taufiqiyyah, 2003 M.

Sayyid Sābiq. Fiqh al-Sunah. cet II; Beirūt- Libanun: Dār al-Kitāb aḷ-’Arabī, 1397 H/1977 M.

Sugiyono. Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan R&D. Cet. XIX; Bandung: Alfabeta, 2013.

Sujarweni, Wiratna. Metodologi Penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Baru press, 2019.

Sumadi, Suryabrata dan. Metodologi Penelitian. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2014.

Syāfi’ī, Rahmat. Ilmu Ushul Fikih. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2010.

Taimiyyah, Syekh al-Islām ibn. Majmū’ al-Fatāwā. Al-Madīnah al-Munawwarah al-Sa’ūdiyyah: Majmu’ al-Mālik Fahd li Ṭabā’ah al-Muṣḥaf al-Syarīf, 1425 H/2004 M.

Wajdi, Muḥammad Farid. Dairut Ma’ārif al-Qarn al-ʿIsyrīn. Beirut: Dār Al-Fikr, 1971 M.

Zahrah, Muḥammad Abū. Ibn Ḥazm Ḥayātuhu wa ʿAṣruhu Ārāuhu wa Fiqhuhu. Cet. II; Kairo: Dār Al-Fikr Al-’Arabī, 1373 H/1954 M.

Zuhrah, Muḥammad Abū. Tāarīkh al-Mazāhib aḷ-Islāmiyyah. Al-Qāhirah: Dār al-Fikr al-’Arabī.

Published
2023-08-25
Statistic
Viewed: 96
Downloaded: 86
How to Cite
Ahmad Syaripudin, Sirajuddin, S., & Sudarwan, S. (2023). Keabsahan Jenis Hewan Kurban Menurut Perspektif Imam Syāfi’ī dan Imam Ibnu Ḥazm. BUSTANUL FUQAHA: Jurnal Bidang Hukum Islam , 4(2), 237-256. https://doi.org/10.36701/bustanul.v4i2.1008

Most read articles by the same author(s)